The aim of this in vitro study was to assess changes in the gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines in human whole blood after contact with titanium implant surfaces conditioned by UV light. To this end, expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines were analyzed in vitro in human whole blood.
Material and methods:
Dental implants made of grade 4 titanium were conditioned by UV light in a UV device and submerged in human whole blood. Unconditioned implants served as controls, and blood samples without implants served as the negative control group. Sampling was performed at 1, 8, and 24 h. Changes in the expression levels of interleukin-1β (IL1B) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) were assessed using RT-qPCR at the mRNA level.
The gene expression of IL1B was significantly suppressed in the test group over the observation period compared to the control group during the 1-8 h after having contact between the implant surface and the blood. The gene expression of TNF was not significantly altered by UV conditioning after 1 and 8 h of observation, but both cytokine expression levels were increased significantly after 24 h.
Differences in the gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines after insertion of UV-conditioned titanium implants can be assessed using a human whole blood test. UV-conditioned implant surfaces apparently suppress the release of IL1B in vitro.
The results of our publication demonstrate that modulation of the early inflammatory response in human whole blood is possible by surface treatment with UV light. In particular, the suppression of IL1B expression, especially after the initial contact of blood cells, may be beneficial in the osseointegration of titanium implants by positively influence the balance between rejection and acceptance of an implant.