Periodontal diseases negatively affect implant osseointegration. Perturbations in non-neuronal cholinergic signalling mechanisms are associated with periodontitis; however, their role in generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) is unknown. The aim of this prospective case-control study was to determine the relationship between non-neuronal cholinergic signalling mechanisms, secreted Ly-6/uPAR-related protein-1 (SLURP-1), interleukin-17 (IL-17) family cytokines and healing of dental implants in health and GAgP.
Material and methods:
Thirteen GAgP patients and seven periodontally healthy individuals (PH) were recruited. Peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) was obtained at baseline and 1 month post-placement. Acetylcholine (ACh) levels and cholinesterase activity were determined biochemically. SLURP-1, IL-17A and IL-17E levels were determined by ELISA. Marginal bone loss (MBL) at 1 and 6 months post-placement was determined radiographically.
The concentration of ACh, cholinesterase activity and IL-17A levels was elevated in PICF of patients with GAgP compared to PH individuals at baseline and 1 month post-placement. The concentration of ACh and cholinesterase activity levels in PICF correlated with levels of IL-17A and MBL around implants 1 month post-placement in patients with GAgP.
Non-neuronal cholinergic mechanisms may play a role in the aetiopathogenesis of GAgP and may directly or indirectly, through modulation of IL-17A, influence early implant osseointegration and potential long-term implant survival.